Implementing Character Education:
Elementary Teachers' Perceptions, Practices, and Challenges in Indonesia
This study is about the implementation of character education as applied as a sample for elementary schools in Indonesia. The purpose of this qualitative study is to explore elementary teachers’ perspectives on character education as implemented in these schools, based on their teaching experience. Data of the study were collected from semi-structured interviews with 10 elementary teachers in 10 different provinces in Indonesian public and private elementary schools. The questions addressed in the study were elementary teachers’ perspectives based on (a) descriptions of students’ behavior and the reason why this certain behavior occurred during their time at school from the point of view of the teachers; (b) the essentials of character education that have been applied in the elementary school settings; and (c) the implementation of character education in schools, including the explanation of teaching approaches being applying to character education. The results of the study revealed that students’ unpleasant behavior differed and caused by a variety of reasons. The study concluded with a set of suggestions for the development of character education in Indonesia.