Short Review COVID-19: Immune System and Chemotherapeutic Agents
Pandemic is the worst-case scenario in the realm of infectious disease. It has been part of human life since the beginning of human colonization on earth. It becomes worse and spreads more easily as human social interaction increases drastically in this modern time. COVID-19 is the newest and latest pandemic that has affected millions of people all over the world. More than one million people have died due to this disease. Meanwhile, an effective and robust chemotherapeutic agent against COVID-19 has yet to be found. Similarly, an effective vaccine has not been produced and implemented yet. It is most likely that the effective therapeutic agents and the vaccines will be available by the end of 2020 or around the first quarter of year 2021. This article discusses the structures, transmission pathways, and types of infections caused by SARS-CoV-2, the causative agent of COVID-19 disease. It also discusses the availability of therapeutic agents and vaccines for COVID-19.